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Key Battles

  • Korean War
  • UN Allies
  • Philippines
  • Key Battles
10th Battalion soldiers concentrating on bayonet training

Gaesung-Pyongyang Main Supply Road Guarding Operation (1950. 11. 1~27)

The Filipino Battalion Special Force arrived in Busan in Sep. 1950 and began guarding operation behind the battle zone near Milyang - Sacheon - Waegwan. It then moved to Pyongyang on Nov. 1 and performed guarding operation on the U.N. Forces' logistics line ranging from Pyongyang to Gaesung. During this Gaesung - Pyongyang - main supply road guarding operation, the Filipino Battalion Special Force fought against the North Korean Army near Miwu Mt. (5km south of Sinkye) on Nov. 6 and accomplished many achievements. It also attacked the North Korean guerrilla who cut off the supply road between Sinmak and Sinkye on Nov. 12 and defeated the enemy near Eunjeom-ri.

Filipino Force out for a counterattack at the Battle of Yuldong, northwest of Yeoncheon

Battle of Yuldong (5km North of Yeoncheon; 1951. 4. 22~23)

This was the battle in which the Filipino 10th Battalion Special Force after being attached to the U.S. 3rd Division fought against the Chinese Communist 34th Division at Yuldong, north of Yeoncheon. On the night of Apr. 22 during the Chinese Communist Spring Offensive, the Chinese Communist Army infiltrated the Battalion Headquarters after passing through the adjacent unit on the right flank of the Battalion and destroying a part of the Company position in the right side of the Battalion and the Company position in the middle of the Battalion.

But it defended its position until the end and assisted the unit on the right side of the Battalion to retreat successfully. The 10th Battalion Special Force was withdrawn to stay behind the battle zone following the withdrawal order from the U.N. Forces Headquarters.

Arsenal and Iri Hill Skirmish (20km North of Yeoncheon; 1952. 5. 18~6. 21)

This was the battle in which the Filipino 19th Battalion Special Force after being attached to the U.S. 45th Division fought against the Chinese Communist 117th Division at the Arsenal and Iri hill in the south of the T-bone hill while performing the main defense line guarding duty. Following the powerful initial firing, the Chinese Communist Army launched an intense attack on these two hills in a battalion or regiment unit using 2 regiment size troops in this battle, but the Filipino Battalion defeated the Chinese Communist attack with fire power support by the Division and defended two hills.

Battle of Baekseok Mt. - Christmas Hill (1953. 7. 15~18)

This was the battle in which the Filipino 14th Battalion Special Force from Baekseok Mt. supported the U.S. 34th Division's Christmas Hill Battle and fought against the Chinese Communist Army after occupying an outpost near the hill. When the 180th Regiment of the U.S. 45th Division lost the Christmas outpost on Jul. 15 due to '7.13 Offensive' launched several days before the cease-fire agreement, it immediately launched a counterattack with a reserve company. Here, the Filipino Battalion recaptured the Christmas Hill by supporting this Company's counterattack and made a preparation for a Chinese Communist counterattack. While the Battalion was defending the outpost it built at the point 1.3km from the hill's right side, it was attacked by the Chinese Communist Army on the night of Jul. 18. It defeated them and continued to defend this battle line until the cease-fire agreement was signed. As a result of this battle, the Christmas Hill (south near Hill 1090) was included in the south side of the military demarcation line.

After the cease-fire agreement, the Filipino Battalion left in May 1955.