When the Korean War broke out, Italy was one of the NATO member nations, but was not a member of the United Nations. At that time the internal situation of Italy was also very insecure because of frequent changes in the Italian Cabinet. When the Red Cross requested help, Italy decided to send its Italian Red Cross Hospital 68 to Korea. The hospital unit arrived in November 1951. Italy was the last country that sent medical unit, and was also the only non-member state of the United Nations that sent troops to Korea.